Minimum Wage in Kyrgyzstan

The minimum wage in Kyrgyzstan is a monthly fixed amount of currency units. There are a variety of conditions that must be met by employees. For example, a worker cannot be deprived of their salary in a collective agreement, and they are not able to make lower salaries through individual contracts. These are some of the important benefits that every worker should receive. To learn more about the minimum wage, read the following articles.

Employee rights

In Kyrgyzstan, employee rights at the minimum wage are regulated by laws and other regulatory legal acts. In addition to the government, this legislation applies to foreign nationals and stateless people who are employed in the country. Individual labor disputes can be settled through the labor dispute committee of an employer or by the court of the Kyrgyz Republic. In case the labor dispute committee does not reach a consensus, it may be referred to the Labour Inspection Authority or the Court of the Kyrgyz Republic.

The labor contract is binding and can be altered by the employer and employee in writing. Indefinite contracts are allowed, but fixed-term contracts of 5 years or more may be prescribed by law. The number of working hours per week is not more than 40 hours, and employees may be called back for tasks or to fix machinery if they are absent. In Kyrgyzstan, employees are not permitted to work more than 40 hours per week without leaving.

In the case of indefinite contracts, the employer can terminate them at any time, but this does not relieve the employer from signing a written labor contract. The duration of notice and severance pay depends on the nature of the employment contract, but the employer must make social contributions of 2% to the mandatory social security fund and 15 percent to the pension fund. Employees can also enjoy paid sick leave and free medical primary care in Kyrgyzstan.

The minimum wage in Kyrgyzstan is 970 Kyrgyz som per month. The minimum wage was last modified on 1-Jan-2015. The Government of Kyrgyzstan is considering the proposal to amend the minimum wage law. The aim is to bring the minimum wage law in line with Article 42 of the Constitution, which states that everyone has the right to a subsistence level.

Maternity leave

The minimum wage in Kyrgyzstan and the maternity leave period are both 14 weeks. However, the duration of the leave can be extended by three more weeks if there are complications with the pregnancy. The average monthly wage is the basis for determining the maternity leave benefit. Social security and the employer are responsible for funding these benefits. Therefore, women who are pregnant should not worry about their financial situation.

During maternity leave, the mother receives benefits of at least 60 percent of her salary. Moreover, the mother gets half of her salary for the first 30 days and then another half for the rest of her time off. In addition, she can claim a complementary indemnity of 15% for the first 30 days. The benefits are paid by both employers and the state and are aimed at ensuring that both mother and child are well-cared.

The minimum wage in Kyrgyzstan is KGS 970. The country’s Social Insurance Fund provides sick pay and maternity leave to employees. The fund is funded by 14 percent of payroll taxes. The government does not collect these taxes directly. Employers can also opt for other forms of payment, but these are not popular in Kyrgyzstan. Moreover, the government does not stipulate any rules about paid sick leave, but most employers offer rest in the case of sickness or maternity.

As far as the minimum wage in Kyrgyzstan and the maternity leave benefit is concerned, the employer is liable to pay the mother a maternity benefit equal to her regular wage. This is equal to the average daily wage during the maternity leave period. The amount paid by the employer to the worker during her maternity leave is also recovered when she works for another employer. However, the responsibility for the financing of the compensation for wages during maternity leave is shared between the employer and the social insurance scheme. The social insurance scheme covers seventy percent, while the employer bears the remaining twenty-five percent.

Social security

The gender gap in the labor force is particularly stark, with women accounting for nearly 70% of the economically inactive population. This inequality in the number of unemployed people is particularly acute in rural areas, where women are disproportionately employed in lower-wage positions. It has also resulted in an increase in internal migration, with women leaving their jobs in large numbers to pursue employment outside the country.

In an effort to improve the welfare of Kyrgyzstan’s poor, the Ministry of Labour has submitted a draft bill for public discussion. The aim is to align minimum wage legislation with the country’s Basic Law, which states that everyone has a right to a subsistence level. The proposed law is expected to have immediate and beneficial effects on poor people. However, there is some concern about the long-term impact of the new legislation on the local economy.

The Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty will visit Kyrgyzstan in 2022 and will present her findings. The government must improve social security and move away from relying on remittances as a primary income source. The government should improve schools and strengthen its social protection system. There are numerous benefits that Kyrgyzstan citizens could enjoy. In this regard, the UN will provide assistance to Kyrgyzstan citizens.

While the Kyrgyz government offers primary health care to all citizens, there are some additional benefits that employers are expected to provide. These benefits include free primary health care and supplemental health insurance. Employers must also provide paid sick leave and maternity leave for their employees. The government also offers free maternity leave to female employees. It is also possible to get an additional six weeks of unpaid leave once the child reaches three years of age.

Salary increase

The salaries of Kyrgyzstan employees usually grow at a rate of 5% every 28 months. However, this rate depends on individual performance, contribution, and other factors. In most cases, an annual increment refers to the increase in compensation for a year. While the exact date of the increment is rarely provided, the increase is usually more than the minimum wage. As a result, it’s not possible to predict whether your salary will grow or stay the same.

The poverty rate in Kyrgyzstan is high. In the country, more than one-fourth of the population lives below the national poverty line. This situation is likely to worsen with the Russian invasion of Ukraine. The country’s economy relies on imports and remittances from Russian migrants. However, a decline in remittances will further threaten the lives of Kyrgyzstan’s citizens.

Women are the most economically inactive population in Kyrgyzstan, accounting for 70% of the country’s population. While men have the lowest unemployment rate, women are disproportionately underpaid – particularly in lower-paid positions. The most notable gender equality gap occurs between 20-29 years when women leave work to have children. Female employees are also more likely to be unemployed if they are over 50.

As a country, Kyrgyzstan has made some progress in promoting gender equality, but more work needs to be done to improve women’s access to economic opportunities and participation in national development. The legal, policy, and institutional framework should focus on women and girls rather than men. Women are systematically disadvantaged due to persistent gender stereotyping, poverty, and extremist religious views.

Using contractors for short-term work

Hiring contractors for short-term work in Kyrgyzstan has many benefits, but it can be challenging as well. Contractual agreements must include details on the minimum wage, working hours and benefits, the currency used in payment and termination, and the language required for communication. Work permits and visas are also required. For foreign workers, Kyrgyzstan follows a quota-based annual system.

The lack of quality labor in the country has made it difficult for IT companies to attract high-quality workers. In Kyrgyzstan, there is a high rate of informality and a lack of social protection for workers. In 2019, only 4% of GDP was generated through the formal economy, while almost 90% of new jobs were created in the informal sector. Meanwhile, tens of thousands of labor migrants face long-term unemployment.

Travel is difficult in Kyrgyzstan, as ninety percent of the country is made up of high mountains. Public transportation is slow, and shared taxis and marshrutkas usually leave only after filling their seats. To get around the country, hitchhiking is common since nearly every local is a taxi driver. However, it is a good idea to research the country’s travel policies before hiring contractors for short-term work at minimum wage.

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