The Minimum Wage in Somalia
The minimum wage in Somalia is a meager $0.35 an hour, making it impossible to afford basic necessities such as food and rent. The public sector pays much more, however, earning an average of 18% more than its private sector counterparts. So, what should a Somali earn? The following article offers some information on this issue. Read on for more. Despite these disparities, the minimum wage in Somalia is still the lowest in Africa.
Public sector employees in Somalia earn 18% more than their private sector counterparts on average
In Somalia, the average salary for a social worker is 81,000 SOS per month. Salaries vary from 38,100 SOS to 128,000 SOS and are inclusive of housing, transportation, and benefits. The exact salary range and bonus amounts may vary considerably depending on experience, skills, gender, and location. However, salaries in Somalia are higher than those in most other parts of the world.
In MENA countries, women are overrepresented in domestic work and agriculture. Most of the female workforce in the region is informal and lacks basic social, employment, and legal protections. Women in the MENA region are particularly vulnerable to economic fallout from the current crisis, as they are often employed in low-paying jobs. Even worse, women are often the head of household and the only breadwinners, so the crisis will affect their income security.
In MENA countries, women make up a large proportion of the workforce, and their numbers are rising. In Egypt, according to the International Labour Organization, three quarters of public sector workers are women, and in Bahrain and Saudi Arabia, women make up almost half of the workforce. However, women are overrepresented in low-paying and low-skilled jobs, which may be detrimental to their well-being.
Despite this pay gap, public sector workers in Somalia earn 18 percent more than their private sector counterparts on average. The disparity in salaries is due to the fact that hourly paid employees are generally exempt from overtime. This means that women in Somalia who work in the public sector are earning more than their male counterparts in the private sector. This disparity is persistent and will continue to affect the country’s economic development and the lives of its people.
Public sector employees in Somalia earn 17% more than their private sector counterparts on average
There are many factors which influence income and employment opportunities. In Somalia, women have less access to education and economic empowerment than men. Moreover, the country’s ethnic mix is an important determinant of the economic outcomes of Somalis. Ethnic groups participate in community associations, which serve as sources of codes of conduct and material support. In addition, Somalis rely on Islamic practices and religion to access social protection. Savings schemes called ‘ayuto’ are common in Somali communities. Somalis are healthier than refugees in Nairobi than their counterparts.
Despite these differences, public sector workers in Somalia still earn a significantly higher wage than their private sector counterparts. According to a new report by the Center for State and Local Government Excellence and the National Institute on Retirement Security, Somali government employees earn an average of 17% more than their private sector counterparts. This gap has increased considerably over the past 15 years, according to the study.
HIV rates in Somalia are low among women and men. The mortality rate is high, with approximately five children per woman. The public sector contributes 53% of the health budget, with another 30% coming from international donations, 10% from citizen out-of-pocket contributions and 6% from communities. In addition, public sector workers enjoy paid time off that private sector employees are not allowed to take. Depending on seniority, they typically earn more than 20 days of vacation.
While Somalia’s public sector employees earn significantly more than their private sector counterparts on average, there are important caveats when comparing the two sectors’ compensation practices. For example, in some countries, public sector workers receive more bonuses and allowances than their private sector counterparts. And if the private sector has more flexibility in setting salaries and benefits, public sector employees in Somalia earn 17% more than their private sector counterparts on average.
Most Somali refugees operate businesses as joint-ownerships with Somali Kenyans, which can provide ‘cover’ from police harassment. As an example, a Somali refugee in Nairobi created a business with a Somali Kenyan friend in Eastleigh, which they run together. After years of struggle, the business was growing. Faiza and her partner run the business together.
Moreover, Somali Kenyans earn more money than their Somali Kenyan counterparts. In addition, they have better mobility than their Somali Kenyan counterparts. According to Eastleigh, only 44% of Somali refugees are employed compared to 60% of Somali Kenyans. In Nairobi East, income peaks at 7000 KES per month for Somali refugees, but it dwindles to 12650 KES for Congolese refugees.
These disparities persist despite the fact that the public sector is the largest employer in the country. The country’s debt grew tenfold between 1970 and 2008, and the percentage of people living below the poverty line has increased by almost double. The disparity between the private and public sector is a factor in the ongoing ill health of the country. And Somalia is not alone in that regard – other countries in the region, including Egypt and Kenya, have much higher average incomes than their African counterparts.