Minimum Wage in Syria

The Minimum Wage in Syria

In the wake of the economic crisis, the Syrian government has set the minimum wage at 92,970 Syrian pounds ($14.50) – a far cry from the $1.15 US an hour minimum wage that exists in other countries. The increase should be retroactive to September and apply to part-time employees as well. President Bashar al-Assad has already announced increases for public sector salaries and retirement pensions of twenty percent.

92,970 Syrian pounds

The minimum wage in Syria is 92,970 Syrian pounds. According to one research, this is nearly 900 percent more than it was 6 years ago. The government claims that the increase is necessary to help its people cope with the rising cost of living. But it is not clear how the Syrian government will achieve this goal. A government team tasked with managing the economy and economic issues has come under fire from pro-regime economists.

The government is the biggest employer in Syria and sets the minimum wage, but the price of oil is rising and the inflation is eating away at the value of these salaries. Further, Syria’s economy is stalling, with little sign of economic growth. Basic supplies are scarce and fuel prices are eight times higher than the subsidised price. But it is not all bad news. Approximately 2.7 million people draw salaries from the government.

The average salary in Syria is 149,000 Syrian pounds per month. Salaries vary between 37,600 and 663,000 SYP, and the actual maximum salary is higher than that. Salaries for different occupations and sectors vary widely, so it is advisable to look at the pay levels for specific job titles to understand the average salaries for these roles. Aside from this, the minimum wage in Syria is insufficient to cover the costs of food and other necessities.

Child labour amongst Syrian refugees

The situation of child labour among Syrian refugees is alarming, with children contributing to the family income in over three-quarters of the households surveyed. In Lebanon and Jordan, close to half of all Syrian refugee children are joint family breadwinners. In some areas, children as young as six years old are working in harmful occupations. These activities range from organized begging to commercial exploitation to child trafficking. To make ends meet, children must leave school to work.

Child labour among Syrian refugees is a widespread problem that requires coordinated efforts across cleavages to address. Finding effective solutions is difficult, but there are some possible interventions. These interventions can include creating employment opportunities for adults, providing assistance to families who are food-insecure, and organising child safety trainings and awareness campaigns. Child welfare assistance packages could also encourage children to attend school. More research needs to be done on effective ways to prevent child labour and other forms of forced labor.

While Syrian refugees are sheltered from war, employment opportunities are limited due to the restrictions on their residence status and labor rights. Poverty and labor exploitation are widespread among Syrian refugees in Turkey. Many families are struggling to make ends meet. While child labour among Syrian refugees in Turkey is widespread, our understanding of the problem is limited. Nonetheless, the humanitarian situation for this group of refugees is vital. If you are planning a trip to Turkey, be sure to include information about child labor among Syrian refugees in your travel plans.

Administrative bureaucracy

In Syria, the government continues to be the largest employer. Public sector workers fall into two broad categories: service-oriented and administrative. These two groups form the backbone of the state. Public enterprise workers are the state’s employees in productive industries. Historically, Syria’s minimum wage has been very low, averaging only US$1.22 per hour. But today, in the midst of a war, the minimum wage is low and the government has not responded to this need.

The Syrian government has imposed an extreme level of bureaucracy. In the past, salaries were the primary source of income for 58% of the country. This number has decreased from 68% in 2013, primarily due to the conflict and closure of labor-intensive institutions. At the same time, the percentage of families that rely on private business income increased from 26% to 33%. This situation has made Syrians increasingly dependent on their own income rather than on their salaries.

In the same way, Syrian citizens have a low minimum wage and high costs of living. In this context, there is a severe need for economic relief. As the Syrian pound has fallen to unprecedented levels since May, this has affected the market, causing a new rise in food prices and further destabilizing life conditions in the regime’s areas. Moreover, in the current climate of economic crisis, Syrian government employees have resorted to exploitation of applicants and refused to fulfill requests without bribes.

Unemployment crisis

The Syrian government has consistently slashed subsidies to basic needs, including food, fuel, and clothing. This has had a direct impact on the living standards of ordinary people. In early 2016, a dollar traded for approximately 400 Syrian pounds. This has put a strain on the economy, and businessmen in Damascus are already feeling the pinch. With unemployment at more than 50 percent, the government is retrenchling from social programs and subsidies.

But the devaluation of the Syrian pound shows that the state’s influence is shaky. The state is losing its ability to provide services and patronage. This has hampered the government’s ability to keep the economy functioning. As a result, the Syrian government is facing an economic collapse that will make it increasingly difficult to retain its control of the country. There is no clear path out of Syria’s dire situation, but there are some basic things that can be done now to halt the spiral.

The Syrian pound (lira) has fallen rapidly since March, and some economists are warning of a major currency crisis. The collapse of the pound has hit the purchasing power of ordinary Syrians, as oil is paid for in hard currency. This situation has exacerbated Syria’s unemployment crisis. And the price of goods and services is going up. The president’s cousin owns the al-Watan daily, a publication that is critical to the economy.

Cost of living

In December 2017, the average cost of living in Damascus reached a new high: 360,000 Syrian pounds per month, nearly double the previous record. This is the equivalent of nearly four times the average monthly income of a family of five. This cost is largely due to the deteriorating standard of living, which forces families to make difficult choices, fueling black-market activities and widespread kidnapping.

The Syrian government has repeatedly cut subsidies for basic necessities, affecting the lives of ordinary Syrians. In early 2016, the dollar was trading at 400 pounds, a staggeringly low price. Even more, the government has imposed a personal income tax of 22 percent. This means that the average salary of a minimum wage earner is merely enough to buy basic items like bread and milk. And with a minimum wage of just 22 pounds, living costs in Syria are significantly higher than in other parts of the world.

The UN’s Human Rights Council recently released figures showing that at least 14.6 million Syrians now require humanitarian assistance and 5.6 million of them do not have safe housing. Unmarried women’s rates have reached an all-time high. The ruling Arab Socialist Baath Party’s Al-Baath newspaper reports that the cost of renting a car costs SYP 100,000 ($25). A hall for a hundred people can cost SYP 4 million ($1,020).

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