Minimum Wage in Tunisia

The Minimum Wage in Tunisia

The minimum wage in Tunisia was recently increased by 6.5 per cent to help workers weather the economic crisis which has been triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic. The government of Tunisia will soon release the UGTT’s decision. Earlier this year, the UGTT asked the government to speed up the increase and to improve material conditions. They demanded due increases and positive interaction under the 5 + 5 mechanism.

200 Euros per month

In 2017, the minimum wage in Tunisia was set at 200 Euros per month, a decrease of more than 50% from its previous year. In 2016, it was only slightly higher at three percent, but in the previous two years it grew to a staggering seven percent. In 2011, the minimum wage was just under 100 Euros per month. However, the situation is not yet as rosy as it may seem. The minimum wage in Tunisia is set at a level where a person could easily make ends meet. In the same year, the economy experienced a severe recession. In the first half of 2016, the economy was undergoing one of the worst recessions since the country’s independence, which was already in crisis. Tourism was the country’s most important sector, and this hit the country’s independent guides and bus drivers as well. It also negatively affected

While the government claims that its economy is market-based, it is hardly clear how much of that is actually happening. While the authorities have committed themselves to a market-based economy, they have not fully eliminated state intervention, especially in strategic sectors such as infrastructure and energy. Many of the problems associated with the price rise are related to cartels, owners of cold storages for fruit and vegetables, and informal networks. This means that the authorities in Tunisia have not been able to address the issue effectively.

The public sector wage bill in Tunisia is one of the highest in the world, and it is excessive compared to the quality of service offered by the government. In 2016, it spent more than one percent of its GDP on public sector employees, much higher than its neighbors and the OECD average of less than ten percent. Tunisia has been trying to expand its market in Africa and has recently become a member of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, or COMESA, and will begin trading under COMESA rules in January 2020. In addition to this, it gained observer status at the West African bloc, ECOWAS.

Despite the high minimum wage, the country’s military has long had an outsized influence over its politics. Ennahda’s leader Rached Ghannouchi, for example, is now speaker of parliament, with increased accountability and responsibility. Meanwhile, businesspeople linked to the authoritarian Ben Ali regime remain influential in public institutions. The labor union UGTT plays an important role as well. In recent years, it has proposed policies and even threatened to hold a general strike.

Right to form a union

In Tunisia, the Constitution guarantees the right to form a union and the Labor Code ensures that independent unions can operate without interference by the government. Yet Human Rights Watch found that the government has been blocking independent unions by refusing to provide them with official notification papers. The General Confederation of Labor and Tunisian Journalists’ Union were denied legal recognition even though they sent copies of the papers to the government through registered mail.

The government has repressed the UGTT, putting it on strike in 1978 to protest the Bourguiba government’s coup and its attempt to replace the UGTT’s leadership. Several union members and activists were arbitrarily detained, and some have accused security forces of torture and ill-treatment. In addition, the government has intimidated the independent media by replacing the leadership of the union with government allies. The UGTT has refused to participate in national dialogue processes in recent years, arguing that they were aimed at implementing unilateral conclusions.

The UGTT, or General Union of Tunisian Workers, was a powerful organization, demonstrating legitimacy rivaling the Islamists. The General Union of Tunisian Workers (UGTT) played a pivotal role in the 2011 revolution and the country’s subsequent transition. While the UGTT had a role in this transition period, it was heavily infiltrated by the Ben Ali regime. The UGTT was a credible player in the transition process and proved to be a key player in the democratic process.

After the 2011 revolution, Tunisia’s constitution passed a new, exemplary constitution. While many Tunisians have expressed confidence that the country has turned a corner, political violence, and stacked bureaucracy remained major problems. Earlier, Tunisia had faced widespread political violence and controversy over the draft constitution. Its post-revolutionary transformation was complicated by political violence and a stacked bureaucracy.

In the 1980s, a group of army officers forced a change of government, forcing a new prime minister to dismiss the prime minister responsible for sowing conflict between the UGTT and the government. The new prime minister granted amnesty to imprisoned labor leaders. However, the UGTT had to rebuild itself after a series of conferences. In 1985, the World Bank imposed a structural adjustment program on Tunisia, which the UGTT rejected. After this, the state cracked down on the UGTT again, resulting in further acrimony.

Tax rates

In Tunisia, the tax rates on minimum wage are lower than in many other European countries. Employees must pay their tax by the fifteenth of each month. In addition, employers must file an annual tax return by 5 December. However, employers may also choose to file for the tax in the month prior to departure. For more information about Tunisian taxation, see Tax rates on minimum wage in Tunisia.

The Social Security Fund of Tunisia finances unemployment benefits. To qualify for unemployment benefits, employees must contribute to social security for 12 quarters. Failure to do so will result in involuntary unemployment or ineligibility for pensions. Workers may choose to pay social security contributions in one or two ways, depending on their situation. Tunisia’s Solidarity Social Contribution is paid by employers to the Tunisian Social Security Fund and is not deductible for income tax purposes. However, a worker who has less than 5000 DT in yearly wages does not have to pay this tax.

The Tunisian economy experienced rapid growth in the years 2002-2006, driven by the manufacturing and service sectors. Tunisia’s growth was inequitable, owing in part to high unemployment rates, especially among educated youth. The Arab Spring and the subsequent fall of the regime were triggered by growing youth unemployment and widespread corruption. Tunisia’s government then introduced a plan to stimulate economic growth through increased foreign investment and exports.

In addition to the new tax rates, Tunisia has changed its labor laws. Non-resident individuals are now taxable at a flat 20 percent of their gross income. For non-residents, the minimum wage is the equivalent of the minimum wage in their home country. Tunisian residents must stay in the country for 183 days during a calendar year to be considered a resident. Non-residents, however, cannot stay in Tunisia more than 10 days after repatriation.

The tax rates on minimum wage in Tunisia depend on the type of income and the presence of DTT. Net income is calculated as gross pay less obligatory social security contributions. Professional expenses up to TND 2,000 are deducted. In-kind benefits are also included in the gross pay and evaluated at fair market value. This way, the tax rates on minimum wage in Tunisia are lower than in many other European countries.

Working day

The Labour Code of 1966 regulates the conditions of employment, wages, overtime, and other aspects of the employment relationship in Tunisia. The Code also sets the minimum wage and working day, which cannot exceed 48 hours per week. Despite the short working day, Tunisia has the highest minimum wage in the Middle East. For many Tunisians, this increase is welcome news, but a minimum wage hike is needed in order to combat the high unemployment rate in the country.

The government sector pays higher salaries than the private sector, with the average monthly net salary in the public sector being over 57 thousand dinars. Despite the fact that Tunisia is a Muslim country, most workers are still living below the international poverty line of US$1.90 per day. As a result, many Tunisians work from Monday to Friday, although they often take extended lunch breaks on Friday afternoon.

The Minimum Wage in Tunisia is regulated by the government. No Tunisian worker may be paid less than this amount, and employers who do are subject to fines. It is the lowest legal wage for work in the country. Most countries have national minimum wages, which is the lowest wage an employee can earn in any sector. The Minimum Wage in Tunisia differs from one sector to the next, and employers who fail to pay their workers the minimum wage may be punished by the government.

In Tunisia, employees have the right to receive paid leave on certain holidays, including Saturdays. Tunisian employers must also grant workers 12 days of paid annual leave after a year of employment. This means that employees receive one day off for every month they worked. The Tunisian Government has made these regulations a priority, and employers must pay their employees accordingly. The Tunisian government is committed to making Tunisia a more attractive place for business, but the country is still far from becoming a fully competitive market for investment.

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